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comment How did the Roman army go from constantly losing battles in the middle of the 3rd century to winning almost everything?
Excellent answer!
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comment Where were the western legions when the Roman empire fell?
@user1095108 The percentages are easy - take a list of names and analyze how many of them are Barbarian (like Stilicho or Gainas) versus Roman (like Aetius or Bonifacius).
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accepted Did Engels and Welles ever call for the extermination of Basques and Serbs?
2d
comment Where were the western legions when the Roman empire fell?
Basically it's the other way around: no payment for the legionaries-> collapse of the empire :) Read my answer below for details.
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answered Where were the western legions when the Roman empire fell?
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comment Where were the western legions when the Roman empire fell?
What does it mean that they were there? That the depopulation theory is wrong - if so, I agree.
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comment Where were the western legions when the Roman empire fell?
for the later catastrophic collapse of the West. And the difference between him and Alaric is not as big as Gibbon would have us think. Finally, I am no expert but the figure of 30,000 feels quite exaggerated to me - perhaps you could look up Gibbon's notes to see where he got if from. P.S. Stilicho was a Christian too :)
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comment Where were the western legions when the Roman empire fell?
In fact, I think you are really reading too much into this single episode - or, rather, your source - Gibbon - is. The thing is, the old master had a big axe to grind: in the passage you've quoted he uses his considerable literary talent to construe the case in a way that supports his overarching thesis that Christianity sapped the strength of Rome. This thesis has been by now found wanting and rejected by modern scholarship. In fact, already in 1923 Bury completely demolished it in his own magnum opus. To be more specific, Stilicho, who gets lionized here was actually largely responsible
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comment Where were the western legions when the Roman empire fell?
Actually, there is a big thing missing from the answer - you present well the situation with the limitanei, the "border troops" which were about worthless in the long run, but there is no mention of the comitatus, the mobile field armies kept by the emperors close to their person (and under strict control). They were the main muscle of the late Late Empire and arguably it was their disintegration in the West that led to the downfall of the empire.
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comment Where were the western legions when the Roman empire fell?
Perhaps I don't understand what you mean by residents. What about the legions of Caesar, Augustus, Trajan, Severus? They were all staffed by either their subjects from different parts of the Empire. Some had Roman citizenship (in the technical sense) and some (mostly auxes) did not but they were all from within the empire. What am I missing?
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comment Did Engels and Welles ever call for the extermination of Basques and Serbs?
@JeroenK Don't look for logic there. Still, the person who wrote this is not likely to make things up - rather to pass on drivel he has read somewhere. Thus, I wonder if the alleged factoid can be tracked down.
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comment Did Engels and Welles ever call for the extermination of Basques and Serbs?
No references were provided. The context is some sort of "beware of liberal fascism" screed.
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comment Where were the western legions when the Roman empire fell?
But that is the whole point - "Rome had not raised legions from her own citizenry in over 200 years"...
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comment Where were the western legions when the Roman empire fell?
I am not sure this really answers the question. One episode of mismanagement, however stupid, could not by itself sap the military strength of Rome.
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comment Where were the western legions when the Roman empire fell?
I upvoted but I'd consider removing the comparisons to the EU - they are very misleading for a novice reader.
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comment Where were the western legions when the Roman empire fell?
@user1095108 Technically, Rome never ceased to be a republic. This fiction was assiduously maintained by Augustus and some of his successors. Eventually, it wore very thin but even in the Late Empire (aka the Dominate) some residual republican forms persisted.
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comment Where were the western legions when the Roman empire fell?
No, because then you'd have to ask "but why were they gone" and it's downfall/decline theories all over again....
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accepted What was (if at all) Hitler's Plan B if Molotov-Ribbentrop had not worked out?
Apr
12
comment What was (if at all) Hitler's Plan B if Molotov-Ribbentrop had not worked out?
@Comintern Contingency against not coming to terms with Stalin.
Apr
12
comment What was (if at all) Hitler's Plan B if Molotov-Ribbentrop had not worked out?
Any evidence for the "set in stone" statement?
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